Urology is one of the most varied branches of surgery and encompasses diseases of kidneys, bladder and prostate, including incontinence, impotence, infertility, cancer and reconstruction of the genito-urinary tract. It caters for patients of both sexes and all ages.

The urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, and the disorders of one often affect the other. Thus, a major spectrum of the conditions managed in urology exist under the domain of genitourinary disorders.

Urology is a constantly changing specialty, primarily due to advances made to technology. Refinements to endoscopic procedures and the utilization of the surgical microscope have greatly increased urologists' options.